| In 1985 the Pelourinho
neighborhood in Salvador, Brazil was designated as a UNESCO World
Heritage Site. Over the next decades, over 4,000 residents who failed
to meet the state's definition of "proper
Afro-Brazilianness" were expelled to make way for hotels, boutiques,
NGOs, and other attractions. In Revolt of the Saints, John F.
Collins explores the contested removal of the
inhabitants of Brazil’s first capital and best-known site for
Afro-Brazilian history, arguing that the neighborhood’s most recent
reconstruction, begun in 1992 and
supposedly intended to celebrate the Pelourinho's working-class citizens
and their culture, revolves around gendered and racialized forms of
making Brazil modern. He situates this focus on
national origins and the commodification of residents' most intimate
practices within a longer history of government and elite attempts to
"improve" the citizenry’s
racial stock even as these efforts take new form today. In this novel
analysis of the overlaps of race, space, and history, Collins thus
draws on state-citizen negotiations of everyday life
to detail how residents’ responses to the attempt to market
Afro-Brazilian culture and reimagine the nation’s foundations both
illuminate and contribute to recent shifts in Brazil’s racial politics.|
Dr. Sara Stinson, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, was the 2015 recipient of the Franz Boas Distinguished Achievement Award. This award honors members of the Human Biology Association who have made exemplary contributions to human biology in science and scholarship. Criteria for the award include a remarkable contribution by the awardee that transcends normal scientific achievement and that is worthy of recognition both outside of and within the profession of human biology.
Dr. Erika Eichhorn Bourguignon, distinguished anthropologist and alumnus of Queens
College (class of ’45) died in Columbus, Ohio, on February 15, 2015. She was
professor emerita of anthropology at The Ohio State University, where she
taught for more than 40 years. She is best known for her contributions to
psychological anthropology, anthropology of religion and anthropology of
Born in Vienna in 1924, Bourguignon arrived in the United States with her parents, Luitpold and Charlotte Eichhorn, in 1939; the family fled Austria after the 1938 Anschluss. She held a B.A. from Queens College, N.Y.C. (1945), and a Ph.D. from Northwestern University, Evanston (1951). At Queens she discovered anthropology, working with H. Powdermaker. At Northwestern she was greatly influenced by A. I. Hallowell and M. J. Herskovits. Bourguignon conducted fieldwork among the Chippewa in Wisconsin (1946) and in Haiti (1947–48), where she met her husband, Belgian writer and artist Paul-Henri Bourguignon.
Erika Bourguignon published seven books and more than eighty professional articles. Arriving at Ohio State in 1949, Bourguignon was a founding member of what would become the Department of Anthropology. She led the Cross-cultural Study of Dissociational States (1963–68) under a grant from National Institute for Mental Health. In the early 1970s, Bourguignon taught the first course on the anthropology of women at the university, chaired a newly formed Council on Academic Excellence for Women and, in 1971, became the first woman to chair a department in OSU’s College of Social and Behavioral Sciences.
After retirement from full-time teaching in 1990, she published, with Barbara Rigney, Exile: A Memoir of 1939 by Bourguignon’s aunt, Bronka Schneider. Bourguignon maintained her interest in Haiti, writing and lecturing on the subject. She also worked actively to promote the artwork of her late husband, Paul-Henri Bourguignon. Bourguignon’s honors include Ohio State’s Alumni Distinguished Scholar Award (1986), the Society for Psychological Anthropology’s first Lifetime Achievement Award (1999) and, from Queens College, the Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa (2000) for her distinguished career. She is survived by a wide and diverse network of friends, colleagues and former students.
Contributions may be made in her name to The Paul and Erika Bourguignon Fund at the Columbus Foundation (www.columbusfoundation.org), Partners in Health (www.pih.org) or the Zusman Hospice (whv.org/Healthcare/Zusman-Hospice).